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Naval Technology
 
 

Russia will continue beefing up the capacities of its Navy (VMF), President Vladimir Putin said during a meeting on the military service’s short- and long-term development, which was held with the Ministry of Defense’s (MoD’s) top executives and the Navy’s high-level commanders on January 9.

Mi-28NM helicopter was tested in Syrian combat in 2019. The Borey-A-class nuclear submarine of project 955A received a new concept. Ovod-class small missile ships of project 12341 are ready for an upgrade. T-80BVM tanks were for the first time supplied to the Far East. Commandos received silent ASM rifles. The troops are mastering the new hardware, the Izvestia daily writes.

The past twelve months have been significant for the Navy’s Fleet. Ships, submarines, aircraft and personnel have deployed around the world to exercise high-end warfighting capabilities, support maritime security, contribute to multinational operations and engage with Australia’s regional partners. While this tempo is normal for Navy people, what they delivered this year should not be underestimated.

The official website of the Chinese Ministry of Defense has published first pictures of the Shandong Chinese-made aircraft carrier a naval port in Sanya, China. China’s first domestically-made aircraft carrier Shandong (Hull 17) was officially commissioned to the PLA Navy at a military port in Sanya, South China’s Hainan Province, on the afternoon of December 17, 2019.

However, the report used for the following analysis is more than one year old, its contents make it a remarkable tool to understand the Russian defence evolution in terms of technical feasibility and financial affordability. Since then, Army Recognition published a lot of information that enables to validate this precious analysis that was carried on by Julian Cooper, Centre for Russian, European and Eurasian Studies, University of Birmingham/Associate Senior Fellow, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Extracts of his report addressing Navy Recognition’s concerns have been selected hereunder.

Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu held a teleconference with top military brass in the National Defense Command Center. The minister recalled that the supreme commander-in-chief held a series of meeting with the military last week to consider the guidelines of Navy development and the implementation of arms procurement order in construction, modernization, overhaul and maintenance of naval hardware. The Russian president also chaired a meeting of the Security Council on November 22 to consider prospects to streamline the military organization in the coming decade.

The Russian nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles (SSBN) regularly sail for combat duty to the open ocean. The range of modern ballistic missiles can reach any point of the globe from the naval base. However, at the base SSBN are clearly visible for satellites of potential adversaries and are vulnerable to a preventive strike. It is easier for them to hide in the World Ocean and deliver a guaranteed retaliation strike. Stealth characteristics are important, but they do not fully guarantee a complete SSBN invulnerability, the Military-Industrial Courier writes.

The Russian nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles (SSBN) regularly sail for combat duty to the open ocean. The range of modern ballistic missiles can reach any point of the globe from the naval base. However, at the base SSBN are clearly visible for satellites of potential adversaries and are vulnerable to a preventive strike. It is easier for them to hide in the World Ocean and deliver a guaranteed retaliation strike. Stealth characteristics are important, but they do not fully guarantee a complete SSBN invulnerability, the Military-Industrial Courier writes.

Russia continues to build warships for the Arctic naval force. The Ivan Papanin lead patrol ice-class ship of project 23550 was floated on October 25. The gala ceremony took place at the Admiralty Shipyard in St. Petersburg, the Military-Industrial Courier writes.

The Russian armed forces are rearmed faster than planned, Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu said. The increase of the defence budget from 1.44 to 1.50 trillion rubles helped increase the share of new and upgraded arms to 68 per cent. It means hundreds of additional weapons and hardware in the whole army. The Defense Ministry is sure to report 70 per cent in 2020. The figure was set yet in 2013.

Presented Friday, September 27, in the Council of Ministers by Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, the 2020 budget for the Armies foresees an increase of the resources of € 1.7 billion, to reach € 37.5 billion. Modernization of major equipment, creation of posts, innovation: an overview of the main lines of the Army budget for next year.

A variety of shore-to-ship missiles, ship-to-ship missiles, "YJ-12" and "YJ-18/18A" as well as the latest ship-borne air defence weapons "HHQ-9A" were shown as part of the naval battle group formations that marched through Beijing's in a military parade marking the 70th founding anniversary of the People's Republic of China.

Coastal artillery brigades will be armed with self-propelled Pion 2S7 guns. They can hit targets in a radius of 50 km and were upgraded to destroy small objects. The brigades will also receive Zoopark radars for counterbattery fire and target search. Experts believe the combination of the hardware can disrupt any seaborne assault, the Izvestia daily writes.

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