Russian submarine launches Kalibr missile on the Ukrainian city of Vinnytsia

According to a tweet published by Руслан Левиев on July 15, 2022, a Kalibr cruise missile was launched by a Russian submarine, which may be Kilo-class, on the Ukrainian city of Vinnytsia.
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Russian Vyborg Shipyard laid the Purga ice class coastguard ship of project 23550 925 001 Russian Kalibr cruise missile launched from a submarine (Picture source: Руслан Левиев)

The Kalibr is a family of cruise missiles developed by Russia's Novator design bureau. The Kalibr missiles were first presented to the public at the International Aviation and Space Show in 1993 (MAKS-93) held in the Moscow region of the Russian Federation.

On submarines, the missiles are launched from torpedo tubes of 533 mm caliber from a depth of 30-40 m. And on surface ships, they are launched from unified sub-deck vertical launchers or from deck-mounted launchers.

According to some reports, the missiles are capable of shooting at sea targets up to 375 km away, and at land targets up to 2,600 km away. However, other sources claim that the range of the missile does not exceed 2,000 km.

Their length varies from 6.2 to 8.2 meters. Their weight ranges from 1,200 to 2,300 kg. At the same time, the mass of the warhead can range from 200 to 450 kg. The warhead is high-explosive.

The targeting system is combined - inertial guidance combined with satellite navigation. For attacking ground targets also visual guidance on the ground. In terms of characteristics, guidance system and other parameters, the Kalibers resemble American Tomahawk cruise missiles. That is why they are also called "domestic Tomahawks".